Phonics and Reading


Children in Key Stage 1 build upon their initial phonic knowledge from Reception and take part in daily phonics and reading activities. 


Phonics in Foundation Stage and Key Stage 1 is based upon the Letters and Sounds document produced by the Primary National Strategy  in 2007.  Children have daily phonics teaching based upon their level of phonic knowledge.  These sessions involve recognising letters and the sounds they make, blending sounds together to read whole words and segmenting words up into their sounds to help with spelling.  They practice both reading and spelling/writing in each session.  To support the teaching of phonics the teachers use Phonics Bug teaching games and SMART Kids phonic resources.

If you would like to support your child with their phonic knowledge you may find the following links helpful:

Phonicsplay website

Family Learning -phonics games

BBC words and pictures

Below is a short video demonstrating how to say basic sounds correctly.

Please follow this link to view more about sound production.  This link will open in youtube.




Reading is a very important part of our curriculum in Key Stage 1.  The children take part in a range of reading activities each day.  These may include individual reading to an adult, reading together as a whole class, reading aloud to the whole class, listening to an adult read, guided group reading and self-initiated reading for pleasure in the class reading area.   We feel that children reading aloud to an adult on a one to one basis is still a very important part of how children learn to read and make time during the school day for all children to read regularly to adults. 

To support the children with their individual reading we use a range of reading scheme books.  We believe that children learn best when they experience a breath of text types and not just one type of scheme book.

The main scheme that the children in Key Stage 1 use is the Rigby Rocket Reading Scheme - published by  Pearson  .  This is the core reading material for our school reading scheme.  However, depending on the children's needs we also use books from Ginn, Jelly and Bean, Oxford Reading Tree, Phonics Bug and Lighthouse reading schemes.  This provides children at all levels with a range of material that can provide support and challenge as needed.

Please see our homework page for tips on reading and learning at home.

Phonics Screening Test

At the end of Year 1 children are required to take a standardised test in Phonics.  It is a tool for teachers to ensure that children are making the correct progress in phonics skills and are on track to become fluent readers.  If you would like more information about the screening check then please use the links below.

An information booklet for parents about the screening check

Frequently asked questions